Glossary of Terms and Definitions
dyspareunia - painful sexual intercourse
cystocele - bladder falls; bladder and vaginal wall weakens and stretches, allowing the bladder to bulge into the vagina
rectocele - rectum falls; tissue that separates the rectum from the vagina weakens, the rectum bulges into the vagina
uterine prolapse - the uterus falls or descends toward or into the vagina, occurring when pelvic floor muscles become weak and are no longer able to support the uterus, in some cases, the uterus can protrude from the vaginal opening
Signs and symptoms of moderate to severe uterine prolapse:
Treatment for uterine prolapse:
Burch procedure - surgical procedure to treat urinary incontinence, in which the neck of the bladder is suspended from nearby ligaments with sutures, used when the bladder or urethra has fallen out of its normal position
Burch Colposuspension - used to treat stress urinary incontinence (SUI), an operation that puts stitches inside the pelvis through an incision (cut) across lower abdomen (tummy), which pulls up vagina around the area of the bladder opening
SUI - Stress urinary incontinence is the involuntary leakage of urine during periods of increased intra-abdominal pressure, including exertion such as laughing, coughing, sneezing, coughing, and jumping
Vaginal mesh extrusion - the mesh erodes through the skin and tissues and becomes exposed through the vaginal skin.
This may result in vaginal bleeding, abnormal discharge, dyspareunia or vaginal pain.
Symptoms of mesh erosion into the bladder/urethra -